About

Qadeer Ahmad Janjua wrote this article for WikiPedia on 5th April 2006, photos were also taken by me.

Coordinates: 30.31°N 72.14°E

Tulamba (Urdu: تلمبہ) is a small city in Punjab, Pakistan. A native of Tulamba is referred to as a Tulmabvi. It's situated on the eastern edge of the Ravi River, between the cities of Abdul Hakeem and Mian Channu. Earlier it belonged to the district of Multan, but in 1985 Tulamba was included in the newly born district of Khanewal. Tulamba's population is nearly 50,000. Spoken language is Rachnavi Punjabi (also called Jangli).


History
Tulamba is more than 2500 years old. People say that Tulamba was here even in the era of Noah. Tulamba faced many armies as it was in the way to famous Multan. The forces coming from North and West had to pass from Tulamba to go to Multan.
High and Silent - Ruins of Tulamba

On digging, five eras are discovered. The first era belongs to Moi tribe. The remaining four belong to Greek, Sasani, Budh, Hinduand Muslim civilizations. From Aplodots Sir Megas to Muhammad Ghauri, the coins of several governments were found here.

When Alexander the great invaded Indian Sub-Continent, he also came to Tulamba. In that time, Tulamba was ruled by Moi people. They were very brave and courageous, that's why Alexandar faced big difficulties here.

The ancestor of Mughals, Taimur-e-Lang also invaded Tulamba. At that time Tulamba was called Tulma.
The history of Muslims begins with Muhammad bin Qasim when he came to Tulamba in his way to Multan. The place from where he passed is now called Qasim Bazar.

Sher Shah Suri built a Fort right in the center of the city, whose boundary wall and some parts of the building are still present. The Girls High School and the offices of Town Committee are present in the Fort.

The ruins of older city are on a distance of one kilometre from the city. Though they are in a miserable condition due to rains and negligence, but their bricks are still visible. When Dr. Sayyed Zahid Ali Wasti visited Tulamba in 1967, he saw the ruins spread in the area of several miles. He saw a Fort with walls and a very high Tower. He saw a three thousand years old trench around the fort which was dig for the protection of the fort. He describes that walls were beautifully plastered with mud and floors were not solid. Yet most of his description is now unpredictable, because ruins are very much destroyed now. near the Tulamba there is a Village called Mouza Hussain Pur Ari Wala. It contains Sahu Families only sahu families live there. It is only one kilometre from talumba. In Mouza Hussain Pur Ari Wala Mian Shah Muhammad Sahu was a great personality and He was a leading Land lord of this area and his son Mian Mohammad Ismail Sahu was also a great personality
Sign of Negligence - Ruins of Tulamba

Migrated Tribes from India. After partition of Sub continent, people from India came to Tulamba, Shorkot, Makhdoom Pur, Kassowal, almost all parts of Southern Punjab. These people who came from India mostly are muslims and agricultural professionals, their languages are rohtiki or heryanvi.There is family like khan,s they speek pure urdu and punjabi as wel They are Rajpoots and have any subcasts according to clan and tribes system in the subcontinent; Tiagi, Sarohi, Chohan, Rajpoot, Mdahr, Toor etc. Also people from other casts; Dogar, Mio Pathan(Khan,s) Blouch and clans migrated to Tulamba.

Tulambah is a historical place in Khanewal district. According to the district gazetteer of Multan, the present town appears to have been preceded by at least two previous sites, one of which was at the huge mound known as Mamu Sher, a mile or so to the southwest of the present town, and the other among the ruin which extends immediately to the west. According to some oral traditions, this was the place where Alexander had to face stiff resistance from the local people, and it was here that an arrow hit him which ultimately became the cause of his death on his way back to Athens.

The location on the east bank of the Ravi and the presence of ruins of a fort are a proof of the tradition. This place emerges in history many times. Many centuries later, it gave stiff resistance to Amir Temur while on his way to Delhi. According to his memoirs, he had halted here but was not welcomed by the local people for which they had to suffer at the hands of his commanders, Amir Shah Malik and Shaikh Mohammad who had slaughtered two thousand men who had taken refuge in the neighbouring jungles. Temur writes: "Amir and Shaikh slaughtered two thousands of these ill-fated Indians with their remorseless sabres, carrying off captives of their women and children." The city till 1947 was a stronghold of Brahmins who had resisted the invasion of Mahmood Ghaznavi. He plundered the city. For the fourth time, it was looted by Ahmad Shah Abdali in one of his incursions.

The city with such a glorious tradition of resistance against foreign invaders had produced a historian like Satya M. Roy who had to migrate to the Indian Punjab in 1947. She wrote a book on The Revolutionary Movements of the Punjab (1906-1946) which has been translated into Urdu by journalist Mahmood Zaman under the title, Punjab ki Inqalabi Tehreekein (published by Jamhoori Publications, Nila Gumbad, Lahore).


Geography and climate
Tulamba is situated on the eastern edge of river Ravi at the distance of 100Km from Multan. Its coordinates are following.

Longitude: 72°13'E
Latitude: 30°33'N

The climate of Tulamba is good. The summer season is very hot followed by a big series of rains. The winter season is very cool and often foggy. Overall the climate is good for living.


Culture, Lifestyle and Economy
Tulamba is a formal punjabi city. Usual dress is Shalwar Qameez, Dhoti (Tehband) is also popular. Old people keep Pagri or Safa on their head. All the houses are built with solid bricks and concrete. Lifestyle is modern, the use of electric and electronic equipments is common.
Major works are Farming and Trading. Many people are serving in Government in Private sector.
Popular sports are football, Cricket.& Hockey Clubs In Tulamba Intikhab hockey club/ United cricket club/ & Al.futha foot ball club etc

Calendar

In Tulamba, the Bikrami Calendar has been used traditionally. A Bikrami, or Desi year, is a solar year which starts on the 13 of March, or the start of Spring, and consists of 365 days. Nine of its months consists of 30 days, one are of 31 (Visakh) and other two (Jeth, Har) are of 32 days. This calendar is in traditional use in Punjab (both in India and Pakistan). Later the use was changed to other calendars including the Islamic calendar, the Nanakshahi calendar and the Gregorian Calendar.

The names of months are
S.No.Month NameDuration
1.ChetarMid of March to Mid of April
2.VisakhMid of April to Mid of May
3.JethMid of May to Mid of June
4.HarMid of June to Mid of July
5.SawanMid of July to Mid of August
6.BhadonMid of August to Mid of September
7.AsooMid of September to Mid of October
8.KattaynMid of October to Mid of November
9.MagharMid of Novemberto Mid of December
10.PohMid of December Mid of January
11.MaghMid of January Mid of February
12.PhagganMid of February to Mid of March
A day consists of 8 Pahars, every Pahar equals to 3 hours of the modern clock. These Pahars are named: 
1: Sanjhar vela or Saver vela = Morning/Day-break (6'o clock to 9'o clock). 
2: Dhammi vela = Pre- noon time(9'o clock to 12'o clock). 
3: Paishee vela = Noon(12'o clock to 3'o clock). 
4: Deegar vela = Afternoon(3'o clock to 6'o clock). 
5: nimasheen/namashan vela = Sunset + Evening + Early hours of night(6'o clock to 9'o clock). 
6: Raat vela = Pre-midnight time (9'o clock to 12'o clock). 
7: Adh Raat vela = Midnight to 3'o clock (12'o clock to 3'o clock). 
8: Sarghee vela = Pre Dawn/Very early morning before the sunrise(3'o clock to 6'o clock). 
The word vela which may be spelled as vailaa means "time of the day" whereas the word Adh means half.


Sites of interest
The Ruins are present on the edge of the city. The Sidhnai Canal and a point on the edge of river Ravi (called T) are also good for picnic.


Transport


RoadMap to Tulamba
Tulamba is linked with Multan and Lahore through N-5 National Highway which is on a 15 minutes drive from Tulamba.
There are two more ways to go to Multan, one is through Abdul Hakeem and other is throughMakhdoom Pur and Kabirwala.
The under construction M-4 Motorway will pass near Tulamba and hence linking it to Multan and Islamabad via access controlled Motorway.


Educational institutions
There is a Government Girls Higher Secondary School for girls and a Government Higher Secondary School for boys in Tulamba. Two government middle schools and a primary school are there. About 15 private schools are also present. Mostly are English Medium and Islamic.


There are two more ways to go to Multan, one is through Abdul Hakeem and other is through Makhdoom Pur and KabirWala.

Tulamba is linked with Multan and Lahore through N-5 National Highway which is on a 15 minutes drive from Tulamba.

There are two more ways to go to Multan, one is through Abdul Hakeem and other is through Makhdoom Pur and Kabirwala.


Facilities and Problems
Tulamba is rapidly becoming a developed city. The facilities of Fresh Water, Electricity, Telephone and Internet are easily available.

There is Govt. College under construction.


Crops, Fruits and Land ownership
The land of Tulamba is suitable for every crop. Crops include Wheat, Cotton, Sugarcane and vegetables. Fruits include Mango, Orange, etc.

There is no feudal system in Tulamba. People are free to have as much land as they want. Some people work themselves on their lands, others have workers employed to work on their lands. Near the tulamba there is a big Mango fruit farm of Mian Safdar Kamal sahu called Sahu Fruit Farm.That is very big farm it contains mangoes of different kinds and Qualities.